Case Studies

Asperigillosis Case Study

Murray Animal Hospital, Murray, Kentucky Presentation: A middle-age, male Great Dane presented to Murray Animal Hospital with sanguineous nasal discharge for several weeks duration. Diagnostics: The dog was sedated and the vetscope probe was placed into both the right and left nasal passages. The vetscope probe enabled them to visualize several polyps in both of the nasal passages. The polyps were visualized on the monitor, and pictures were printed for the record and for the owners. Then a videoscope-guided biopsy was obtained using forceps that were attached to the vetscope probe. The biopsy was sent to the laboratory. The biopsy results came back as nasal Aspergillosis, a treatable...

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PSOM in Cavalier King Charles Spaniels

Primary Secretory Otitis Media (PSOM) in Cavalier King Charles Spaniels & Treatment Presentation: Primary Secretory Otitis Media (PSOM) is an important differential diagnosis in Cavalier King Charles Spaniels with signs of pain involving the head and neck, and possible neurological signs as well. This breed can also have a Caudal occipital malformation syndrome (COMS), which also presents with similar clinical signs. Caudal occipital malformation syndrome (COMS) is a congenital malformation of the caudal occipital region of the skull, leading to overcrowding of the caudal fossa and compression of the cervicomedullary junction at the level of the foramen magnum. Diagnostics: Diagnosis...

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Brachycephalic Airway Syndrome: Diagnosing an Elongated Soft Palate

A brachycephalic dog presented for increased upper airway noise (snoring or snorting), especially with exercise. The dog was examined and then carefully sedated and evaluated for the possibility of an elongated soft palate, which is one of the conditions that may cause breathing difficulties in bracycephalic breeds. Brachycephalic airway syndrome refers to upperairway obstruction caused by any combination of the following anatomical abnormalities: stenotic nares, an elongated soft palate, everted laryngeal saccules, and/or tracheal hypoplasia. The soft palate was evaluated in this patient by placing the Video Otoscope Probe into the oropharynx. In normal animals, the caudal border of the...

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Diagnois and Treatment of an Eosinophilic Plaque

A 7-year-old female spayed Domestic Shorthair was presented to a veterinarian for a pruritic skin lesion of several weeks duration located on her right inner thigh. She was a mostly indoor cat with no other pets in the home, and not on flea control. The veterinarian used the OtoPet-USA Video Otoscope full image lens to take a picture of this raised, thickened and erythematous lesion. This picture was printed for the veterinarian's records and for the client. Eosinophilic plaques typically look like raised, thickened, raw areas of skin, and are usually located on the belly, inner thigh, anal, or throat areas. Cats with these lesions are commonly extremely itchy. The veterinarian made a...

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Cytology Pictures

As demonstrated in previous case studies, the VetScope system can be used in daily practice to aid in the diagnosis and treatment of our patients. Here are pictures of both a hookworm and whipworm egg. Both eggs were found by doing in-hospital fecal flotations on stool samples. Pictures of the eggs were taken using the OtoPet-USA VetScope and the microscope attachment. Specific directions on how to take a microscope picture are below. The hookworm egg was isolated from a stool sample of a young puppy during a routine fecal examination. The puppy was treated with a 3-day course of Fenbendazole, and the same deworming was repeated 3 weeks later. The whipworm egg was isolated from a stool...

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Lymph Node Cytology Photo

To the right is a picture of a microscope image of a reactive lymph node on a dog. This picture was taken using the OtoPet-USA VetScope and the microscope attachment. Specific directions on how to take a microscope picture are below. A fine needle aspirate was taken from an enlarged submandibular lymph node on a dog that had severe dental disease. The slide was prepared, allowed to dry and then stained using the diff-quick method. A mixed inflammatory population of cells that includes mostly lymphocytes, in addition to neutrophils and macrophages are observed on this slide. (Cytology images can be sent via e-mail from the Vet-Dock software to a specialist if consultation is needed). The...

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Use of the Earigator in Cleaning

This is an example of an ear that benefited from a thorough cleaning using the OtoPet-USA Earigator. View a picture of the thick ceruminous discharge within this dog’s ear canal that was taken using the OtoPet-USA Video Otoscope here. The OtoPet-USA Earigator may be used for lavage and suction of the ear canal to remove exudate and cerumen. Cleaning of the ear canal is an important component in the management of ear disease. Cleaning allows the removal of exudate and cerumen, allowing the visualization of the ear canal and the tympanic membrane, as well as contact of medication if needed. In this case, the patient was placed under general anesthetia, which is required for a through otic...

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Diagnosis & Treatment of an Aural Polyp Using Video Otoscopy

A cat presented for pawing and scratching at his ear for several weeks duration. The OtoPet-USA Video VetScope was used to perform an otoscopic exam and this picture of the cat's aural polyp was taken and documented for records. The cat was placed under general anesthesia and the polyp was again visualized using the OtoPet-USA Video VetScope. Once visualized, forceps were used with video guidance to grasp and extract the polyp using the traction and avulsion method, which will be discussed below. This cat was sent home on topical steroids to help prevent re-growth, and oral antibiotics - as secondary bacterial infections are commonly associated with aural polyps. Aural polyps may be found...

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Diagnosis & Treatment of Distichiasis

Ocular problems can be easily captured and treated using the OtoPet-USA Video Vetscope. Here is a video of a patient with distichiasis, which was recorded and treated using the OtoPet-USA Video Vetscope. The Video Vetscope allowed for magnification and easy diagnosis of the distichia, as well as a chance for the client to visualize the problem. In this case, the patient presented for chronic redness and squinting in the left eye. After a negative fluoroscein stain and a normal schirmer tear test, the Video Vetscope probe was used to evaluate the eye and the distichia were found. You can appreciate multiple distichia located on the upper left palpebral margin on the video. Distichiasis is a...

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Otic Tumor Diagnosis & Treatment

A 2 year-old male castrated mixed breed dog presented for scratching his left ear and shaking his head for 1 week duration. During physical examination, the OtoPet-USA Video VetScope was used to evaluate both ears. The VetScope probe was inserted into the both ears and a mass along with a hyperemic ear canal was visualized in the left ear. The owner was able to see the mass on the screen and a picture was taken for the records.  Otic neoplasia is uncommon in dogs. Benign tumors of the ear include inflammatory polyps, histiocytomas, papillomas, basal cell tumors, ceruminous gland adenomas, plasma cell tumors, and sebaceous gland adenomas. The most common malignant tumors of the ear in dogs...

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